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  • 8.2 Network Analysis and Other Tools

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Many of these tools are very specialized and capable. For instance, BibExcel and Publish or Perish are great tools for bibliometric data acquisition and analysis. HistCite and CiteSpace each support very specific insight needs - from studying the history of science to the identification of scientific research frontiers. The S&T Dynamics Toolbox provides many algorithms commonly used in scientometrics research and it provided bridges to more general tools. Pajek and UCINET are very versatile, powerful network analysis tools that are widely used in social network analysis. Cytoscape is excellent for working with biological data and visualizing networks.
The Network Workbench Tool has fewer analysis algorithms than Pajek and UCINET, and less flexible visualizations than Cytoscape. Network Workbench, however, makes it much easier for researchers and algorithm authors to integrate new and existing algorithms and tools that take in diverse data formats. The OSGi (http://www.osgi.org) component architecture and CIShell algorithm architecture (http://cishell.org) built on top of OSGi make this possible. Cytoscape is also adopting an architecture based on OSGi, though it will still have a specified internal data model and will not use CIShell in the core. Moving to OSGi will make it possible for the tools to share many algorithms, including adding Cytoscape's visualization capabilities to Network Workbench.
Several of the tools listed in the table above are also libraries. Unfortunately, it is often difficult to use multiple libraries, or sometimes any outside library, even in tools that allow the integration of outside code. Network Workbench, however, was built to integrate code from multiple libraries (including multiple versions of the same library). For instance, two different versions of Prefuse are currently in use, and many algorithms use JUNG (the Java Universal Network/Graph Framework). We feel that the ability to adopt new and cutting edge libraries from diverse sources will help create a vibrant ecology of algorithms.
Although it is hard to discern trends for tools which come from such diverse backgrounds, it is clear that over time the visualization capabilities of scientometrics tools have become more and more sophisticated. Scientometrics tools have also in many cases become more user friendly, reducing the difficulty of common scientometrics tasks as well as allowing scientometrics functionality to be exposed to non-experts. Network Workbench embodies both of these trends, providing an environment for algorithms from a variety of sources to seamlessly interact in a user-friendly interface, as well as providing significant visualization functionality through the integrated GUESS tool.