Table 78.1 provides an overview of existing tools used in scientometrics research, see also (Fekete and Börner-chairs 2004). The tools are sorted by the date of their creation. Domain refers to the field in which they were originally developed such as social science (SocSci), scientometrics (Scientom), biology (Bio), geography (Geo), and computer science (CS). Coverage aims to capture the general functionality and types of algorithms available, e.g., Analysis and Visualization (A+V), see also description column.
Table 68.1 . Network analysis and visualization tools commonly used in scientometrics research.
Although it is hard to discern trends for tools which come from such diverse backgrounds, it is clear that over time the visualization capabilities of scientometrics tools have become more and more sophisticated. Scientometrics tools have also in many cases become more user friendly, reducing the difficulty of common scientometrics tasks as well as allowing scientometrics functionality to be exposed to non-experts. Network Workbench embodies both of these trends, providing an environment for algorithms from a variety of sources to seamlessly interact in a user-friendly interface, as well as providing significant visualization functionality through the integrated GUESS tool.
Many other tools are available outside the scope of network analysis that are still useful for studying the data of science. One such tool is the web-based Data Science Toolkit, a web-based collection of open-source data sets and tools which allows the user to query for geographical data, parse text, and run named entity recognition.